Cities in China: Beijing , Chengdu , Guangzhou , Harbin , Kunming , Shanghai
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How many people died in the famine of 1959–61? The low range is 20 million. The high range is 43 million. Finally in 1961, the government gave in and permitted food imports, but it was too little and too late. Some peasants were again allowed to grow crops on their own land. A few private workshops were opened. Some markets were permitted. Finally, the famine began to abate and production grew.
Communism spread throughout Europe and Asia, establishing a constant presence in the political debates of leading countries such as England, France, and the . In China, the rise of the Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong, was the result of a civil war. The "fall of China" to communism caused major concern in Europe and the ., one that was placed on hold with the outbreak of World War II.
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